They are natural substances that are found in plants, they are intensely aromatic, volatile and Light. Volatile means that they evaporate rapidly, light means that they are not dense, greasy and heavy like the ones we use for cooking or for the lubrication of machines. They are not soluble in water and lightly soluble in vinegar. They dissolve well in alcohol; they blend well with greases, waxes and vegetable oils.

Plants produce essential oils with the purpose of protecting themselves from illness, scaring away predatory insects, attracting beneficial insects that produce polinization and producing hormonal changes.

Essential oils are present in different parts of the plants: in the flowers of lavender, jasmine, geranium and rose, in all the tree in the case of  eucalyptus, in the leaves of citronella,, in the bark as is for sandalwood, cedarwood, cinnamon,, in the roots of vetiver, in the resin that they expel in the case of incense and myrrh and in the peel of the fruits,  as in the case of orange and grapefruit

Generally, they are extracted by vapor distillation, even though other techniques are used as well. They are very concentrated, that’s why we should always use them in small quantities, that is, a few drops.

Their chemical composition, as is the case with other natural substances, is very complex, that means that they have a lot of components that is why they produce various effects in different organs and functions, and also in our emotional estates.

Essential oils are antiseptic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, stimulating, sedative, etc.

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